AUERBACH, BERTHOLD


AUERBACH, BERTHOLD
AUERBACH, BERTHOLD (1812–1882), German author and a leader of Jewish emancipation. His work is marked by the constant attempts to reconcile his different identities as a religiously free-thinking Jew, as a writer from southwest Germany with strong regional bonds, and as a liberal kleindeutsch-borussian patriot. Born at Nordstetten in Wuerttemberg, Auerbach, after some initial training for the rabbinate at Hechingen (1825–27), became interested in law and philosophy and continued his studies at the universities of Tuebingen, Munich, and Heidelberg. As a Burschenschafter he was persecuted by the authorities and arrested for two months at the Hohenasperg stronghold, where he wrote his first novel, Spinoza, Ein Denkerleben (1837). Four years later, Auerbach published his five-volume translation of the philosopher's works. In this early period of his work, he tried to establish himself as a firmly Jewish author, e.g., in his pamphlet Das Judentum und die neueste Literatur (1836). In this he criticized the "Junges Deutschland" authors like Heine as well as their German nationalist opponents gathered around the influential editor, Wolfgang Menzel, but he also recognized the ambivalence of many liberal non-Jewish authors in their attitude towards Jews. Nevertheless Auerbach stressed in his second historical novel (Dichter und Kaufmann (1840), about the German-Jewish poet ephraim moses kuh ) the importance of Bildung as the only means for full bourgeois emancipation. The failure of his Jewish writings made Auerbach turn to a more general discussion on Heimat in his popular Schwarzwaelder Dorfgeschichten (1843–54). After the failure of the revolution of 1848, Auerbach wrote several long social novels, Auf der Hoehe (3 vols., 1864, popular in English as On the Heights), Das Landhaus am Rhein (5 vols., 1869), and Waldfried (3 vols., 1874), whose old-fashioned esthetics let their popularity soon decline. Auerbach fervently strove for a reconciliation of Jewish emancipation and the German national movement. Judaism meant to him a rather ethical monotheism ("Mosaism"), probably one of the reasons for his popularity among a broad educated public. His specific point of view, however, was denounced by Reform rabbi and journalist Ludwig Philippson as "lack of religion" ("Confessionslosigkeit," AZDJ, 39 (1875), 466). In private letters to his relative Jakob Auerbach (Briefe, 2 vols., 1884), the author shows full awareness of the threat to the position of Jews in German society by the newly emerging antisemitism. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Wolbe, Berthold Auerbach (Ger., 1907); A. Bettelheim, Berthold Auerbach (Ger., 1907); M.I. Zwick, Berthold Auerbachs sozialpolitischer und ethischer Liberalismus (1933). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.S. Skolnik, in: Prooftexts, 19:2 (1999), 101–25; Th. Scheuffelen, Berthold Auerbach (Ger., 1986); H.O. Horch, in: A. Kilcher (ed.), Metzler Lexikon der deutsch-juedischen Literatur (2000), 19–23. (Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Auerbach, Berthold — ▪ German novelist pseudonym of  Moyses Baruch , Moyses also spelled  Moses  born Feb. 28, 1812, Nordstetten, near Horb, Württemberg [Germany] died Feb. 8, 1882, Cannes, France  German novelist noted chiefly for his tales of village life.… …   Universalium

  • Auerbach, Berthold — (1812 82)    German author. Born at Nordstetein in Wurtemberg, he was an active supporter of Jewish Emancipation. He wrote short stories and novels, and translated Benedict Spinoza s works …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Auerbach, Berthold — pseud. di Baruch, Moyses …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Berthold Auerbach — Berthold Auerbach, Porträt mit Schriftprobe, Mitte 19. Jahrhundert Berthold Auerbach, eigentlich Moses Baruch Auerbacher, (* 28. Februar 1812 in Horb am Neckar, Ortsteil Nordstetten; † 8. Februar 1882 in Cannes) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berthold I. — Berthold ist ein männlicher Vor und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstage 4 Varianten 5 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berthold II. — Berthold ist ein männlicher Vor und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstage 4 Varianten 5 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berthold III. — Berthold ist ein männlicher Vor und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstage 4 Varianten 5 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berthold IV. — Berthold ist ein männlicher Vor und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstage 4 Varianten 5 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berthold V. — Berthold ist ein männlicher Vor und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstage 4 Varianten 5 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auerbach [2] — Auerbach, Berthold, Dichter und Schriftsteller, geb. 28. Febr. 1812 zu Nordstetten (Schwarzwald), jüd. Abkunft, lebte seit 1859 als Schriftsteller in Berlin, gest. 8. Febr. 1882 zu Cannes. Nach seinen ersten Romanen aus dem jüd. Leben (»Spinoza« …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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